New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo signed into law on Friday two LGBT bills, one banning widely discredited “ex-gay” conversion therapy for youth, the banning anti-transgender discrimination.
The governor penned his name to the legislation at a signing ceremony at the New York City LGBT Community Center with a U.S. flag, a New York state flag, a rainbow Pride flag and a transgender flag in the background in the same year as the 50th anniversary of the 1969 Stonewall riots in New York City.
The two pieces of legislation became law thanks to new Democratic control the New York State Senate. Democrats took control of the chamber for the first time in a decade in the 2018 “blue” wave election, which allowed the bills to pass that chamber earlier his month for the first time.
The ban on anti-transgender discrimination, known as the Gender Expression Non-Discrimination Act, or GENDA, amends the New York Human Rights Law to ban discrimination on the basis of gender identity in employment, housing, public spaces and education.
The fight to enact GENDA in New York was a 16-year battle. Previously, GENDA was repeatedly passed in the New York Assembly, but never was approved in the Senate. This year, after the Assembly had approved a total of 11 times, the Democratic-controlled Senate finally passed the transgender protections.
New York becomes the 20th state in the country with explicit statewide protections barring discrimination both on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity. The state previously had the distinction of being one of two states with a law on the books banning sexual-orientation discrimination, but not gender-identity discrimination. Now that GENDA is law, Wisconsin is the only state left with that distinction. (Wisconsin also has the oldest statewide statute against anti-gay discrimination in the country.)
Masen Davis, CEO of Freedom for All Americans, said in statement the signing of GENDA is a “long-awaited victory [that] sends a strong message that transgender people are worthy of every equal protection under the law.
“As we celebrate today in New York, we are also reminded that we have our work cut out for us: Thirty states nationwide still lack comprehensive and explicit protections for LGBTQ people under state law, and we won’t stop until every LGBTQ American is protected by fully comprehensive laws that cannot be trumped by those seeking to erase us,” Davis said.
The ban on conversion therapy for youth also representative an achievement after years of effort. New York becomes the 15th state to enact such a measure. Other jurisdictions that have enacted similar laws are Connecticut, California, Delaware, Nevada, New Jersey, the District of Columbia, Oregon, Illinois, Vermont, New Mexico, Rhode Island, Washington, Maryland, Hawaii and New Hampshire.
Although neither GENDA nor the “ex-gay” therapy ban were laws in New York, Cuomo during his tenure sought to enact the goals of those measures through executive order.
In 2015, Cuomo directed New York’s Division of Human Rights to interpret state law barring sex discrimination to apply to cases of anti-trans discrimination. In 2016, Cuomo banned public and private insurers in New York from covering conversion therapy.